Biblical Statistics, Misconception’s
Scholars estimate that the 66 books of the Bible were written by some 40 different authors.
There are 39 books in the Old Testament and 27 books in the New Testament.
The word Testament means any or all of these “covenant, confirmation, evidence, verification or contract”.
There are 2 books with only 1 chapter: Obadiah and 3rd John.
The Apostle Paul wrote 14 books (over half) of the New Testament.
The Bible was written over a period of about 1,600 years dating from about 1,500 B.C. to about 95 years after Christ. That is Not 95 A.D. but approx 90 A.D.
The Bible was not split into chapters until 1238 by Cardinal Hugo de S. Caro, more than 1,100 years after the New Testament was written.
There are 1,189 chapters in the Bible: 929 chapters in the Old Testament and 260 chapters in the New Testament.
The New Testament wasn’t split into verses in 1551 by Robertus Stephanus.
The Bible, both the Old and New Testament, contains 31,173 verses. Verses are usually one sentence but sometime more and are meant to separate a particular meaning for easier understanding and teaching.
The shortest chapter in the Bible is Psalm 117. (2 verses)
The longest chapter in the Bible is Psalm 119. (176 verses)
The chapter at the Bible’s centre is Psalm 118.
There are 594 chapters before and after Psalm 118. When you add these numbers up and you get 1,188which will give you the Chapter & Verse at the exact centre of the Bible. (i.e. the 15,637st verse) Psalm 118:8 “It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man.” (K.J.V.)
Now is that a coincidence or was God in the centre of it?
The longest Book in the Bible is Psalms containing 150 chapters and the shortest is 2nd John containing 13 Verses
The longest verse in the Bible is Esther 8:9.
Esther is the only Bible book that does not mention the word “God”.
The longest verse is Esther 8:9 and below is all 81 words of the verse.
“Then the king’s scribes were called at that time, in the third month Sivan, on the twenty-third day of the month; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews and to the satraps and the governors and princes of the provinces which are from India to Ethiopia, one hundred twenty-seven provinces, to every province according to its writing and to every people in their language and to the Jews in their writing and in their language.”
On the other end of the scale is the shortest verse (King James Version) in the bible consisting of only two words: ‘Jesus wept’ in John 11:35.
If we take into account other versions Job 3:2 has ‘He said’ in 3 versions or ‘Job Said’ in 4 versions or 1 word ‘saying’ in 3 versions, the rest are between 3 and 5 words; including ‘And Job Said’, ‘And Job answered and said’, ‘Job made answer and said’, ‘by saying to God’, ‘This is what Job said’ the rest are the same as these or variations using old English e.g. ‘And Iob aunswered and sayde’.
Yet Strong’s Hebrew and Greek dictionaries and Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Definitions, Both give the word used in Job 3:2 as: אמר H559 'âmar: aw-mar'
A primitive root; to say ... speak (against, of) ... use [speech], utter, X verily, X yet.
1. to say, speak, utter.
1a. (Qal) to say, to answer, to say in one’s heart, to think, to command, to promise, to intend.
1b. (Niphal) to be told, to be said, to be called.
1c. (Hithpael) to boast, to act proudly.
1d. (Hiphil) to avow, to avouch.
In which case the word ‘saying’ would be a fairly accurate translation and making it the shortest verse.
The word ‘Lord’ appears in the bible 7,736 times.
The word ‘God’ appears in the bible 3,358 times’
The Bible can be read aloud in 70 hours.
There are 8,674 different Hebrew words in the Bible, 5,624 different Greek words and 12,143 different English words in the K.J.V.
A number of verses in the Bible (K.J.V.) contain all but 1 letter of the alphabet:
Ezra 7:21 contains all but the letter j; Joshua 7:24, 1st Kings 1:9, 1st Chronicles 12:40, 2nd Chronicles 36:10, Ezekiel 28:13, Daniel 4:37 and Haggai 1:1 contain all but q; 2nd Kings 16:15 and 1st Chronicles 4:10 contain all but x; and Galatians 1:14 contains all but k.
In a 1631 printing of the Bible, an English printer left out the word “not” from the Seventh commandment, causing it to read - “Thou shalt commit adultery”. This printing was referred to as ‘The Wicked Bible’.
The Bible has been translated into thousands of languages but by far the strangest is Klingon. (A fictional language created for Star Trek.)
Almonds & pistachios are the only nuts mentioned in the Bible.
Although not named in the New Testament, the names the two thieves crucified at the same time as Jesus are Dismas and Gestas (according to the Catholic Church).
There are seven (7) suicides are recorded in the Bible.
Some biblical scholars believe that Aramaic (the language of the ancient Bible) did not contain an easy way to say ‘many’ and used a term which has come down to us as 40. This means that in many places when the bible refers to ‘40 days’, they actually meant many days.
Enoch, who walked with God and was no more; Genesis 5:22-24.
Elijah, who was caught up by a whirlwind into heaven; found in 2nd Kings 2:11.
There are 49 different foods mentioned in the Bible.
Salt is mentioned more than 40 times in the K.J.V. of the Bible.
The Magi and their gifts (better known as the 3 Wise Men.) were Melchoir, “king of light” offered Gold, Gaspar, “the white one” offered frankincense and Balthazar, “lord of treasures” offered myrrh. By the way the Bible does not mention the number of wise men; people have made assumption because of the 3 gifts that were mentioned.
Frankincense is a gum resin used as a base for incense. Myrrh, also a gum resin, was valued as a perfume and unguent (salve, balm or ointment) used in embalming.
Out of the 31,102 verses in the Bible it devotes some 500 odd verses on prayer, over 400 verses on faith but well over 2,000 verses on money and possessions.
The longest name in the Bible is found in Isaiah 8:1; Mahershalalbaz.
The oldest person in the bible was Methuselah and he was 969 years old. (Genesis 5:27).
The 2nd oldest person in the bible was Jared who was Methuselah’s grandfather & he lived a total of 962 years (Genesis 5:20).
The 3rd was Noah who lived a total of 950 years. (Genesis 9:29).
The first translation of the English Bible was initiated by John Wycliffe and completed by John Purvey in 1388.
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse as named in the Bible’s Book of Revelation are Conquest, Slaughter, Famine and Death.
Dionysis Exeguus a 6th century monk who was given the task to revolve the calendar around the birth of Jesus Christ - miscalculated the founding of Rome by about 6 years (and left out the year 0), thus the Third Millennium actually started on 31st December 1995.
The Gregorian year is about 26 seconds longer than the earth’s orbital period and in spite of the leap years added through the centuries, the calendar will still be approximately 3 hours out, so that the third millennium actually began at 2100:34H or 9:00:34 pm on 31st December 1995.
Israel is the nation most often mentioned in the Bible and the second is Iraq! However, that is not the name that is used in the Bible. The names used in the Bible are Babylon, Land of Shinar and Mesopotamia. The word Mesopotamia means between the two rivers, more exactly between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. No other nation, except Israel, has more history and prophecy associated with it than Iraq. The name Iraq means country with deep roots. Indeed, Iraq is a country with deep roots and is a very significant country in the Bible. Here’s why:
The Garden of Eden where Adam and Eve were created was in Iraq. Genesis 2:7-14.
The first so called recorded appearance of the influence satan made as a serpent was in Iraq Genesis 3:1-6; Just as a bit of a sidetrack before this the serpent had legs, walked and talked and was the most cunning creature God created. We know this from Genesis 3:14 “And the LORD God said unto the serpent: 'Because thou hast done this, cursed art thou from among all cattle and from among all beasts of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.'” (C.J.B.) the fact that the serpent was satan is inaccurate as the bible to find out why click here.
Nimrod established Babylon and the Tower of Babel it was built in Iraq and that is where the confusion of the languages took place. Genesis 10: 8-9 and 11:1-11
Abraham was from a city in Iraq. Genesis 11:31 and Acts 7:2-4.
Isaac’s bride came from Iraq. Genesis 24:3-4 and 24:10.
Jacob Spent 20 years in Iraq. Genesis 27:42-45 and 31:38.
The first world Empire was in Iraq. Daniel 1:1-2 and 2:36-38.
The greatest revival in history was in a city in Iraq called Nineveh. Jonah 3
The events of the Book of Esther took place in Iraq.
The Book of Nahum was a prophecy against a city in Iraq again that is Nineveh.
The book of Revelation has prophecies against Babylon, which was the old name for the nation of Iraq. Revelation 17 and 18.
Number of books in the Bible: 66.
Number of promises given in the Bible: 1,260.
Predictions: over 8,000.
Fulfilled prophecy: 3,268 verses.
Unfulfilled prophecy: 3,140.
Number of questions: 3,294.
Longest name: Mahershalalhashbaz (Isaiah 8:1).
Longest verse: Esther 8:9 (78 words).
Shortest verse: John 11:35 (2 words: “Jesus wept”). This is the King James Bible.
Middle books: Micah and Nahum.
Middle verse: Psalm 118:8
Middle chapter: Psalm 118
Shortest chapter: Psalm 117 (by number of words)
Longest chapter: Psalm 119 (176 verses).
Longest book: Psalms (150 chapters).
Shortest book: 3rd John (by number of words).
Number of times the word ‘God’ appears: 4,094.
Number of times the word ‘Lord’ appears: 6,781
Number of different authors: 40.
Number of languages the Bible has been translated into is over 2,000.
Number of books: 39
Middle book: Proverbs.
Middle chapter: Job 20.
Middle verses: 2nd Chronicles 20:17-18.
Smallest book: Obadiah (1 chapter).
Shortest verse: 1st Chronicles 1:25 (3 Words).
Longest verse: Esther 8:9.
Longest chapter: Psalms 119 (176 verses).
Largest book: Psalms (150 chapters).
Number of books: 27.
Middle book: 2nd Thessalonians.
Middle chapters: Romans 8-9.
Middle verse: Acts 27:17.
Smallest book: 3rd John (1 chapter).
Shortest verse: John 11:35 (2 Words).
Longest verse: Revelation 20:4.
Longest chapter: Luke 1 (80 verses).
Largest book: Luke (24 chapters).
There are two records in the Bible of the genealogy of Jesus Christ. One is in the Gospel of Matthew, chapter 1; the other is in the Gospel of Luke, chapter 3. Matthew’s account traces the line of descent from Abraham to Jesus, while Luke’s account follows the ancestry from Adam to Jesus. Quite a few differences and discrepancy exist between the two records. Most startling is that from King David to Jesus because the lineages are entirely different.
Matthew’s genealogy is condensed and divided into three groups of 14, representing a movement through three time periods. The first group lists the patriarchs, the second names the kings and the third contains private citizens. The intent was not to give a strict record but rather, present the historical progression. It begins by highlighting the family origin, then the rise to power through the Davidic throne and eventually the decline from royalty to the humble birth of the promised Messiah.
Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers. Judah and Tamar were the father and mother of Perez and Zerah. Perez was the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram, Ram the father of Amminadab, Amminadab the father of Nahshon, Nahshon the father of Salmon. Salmon and Rahab were the father and mother of Boaz. Boaz and Ruth were the father and mother of Obed. Obed was the father of Jesse, Jesse the father of King David. David and Uriah’s wife Bathsheba were the father and mother of Solomon. Solomon was the father of Rehoboam, Rehoboam the father of Abijah, Abijah the father of Asa, Asa the father of Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, Joram the father of Uzziah, Uzziah the father of Jotham, Jotham the father of Ahaz, Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, Manasseh the father of Amon, Amon the father of Josiah. Josiah was the father of Jechoniah and his brothers. They lived at the time when the people were exiled to Babylon. After the exile to Babylon, Jechoniah became the father of Shealtiel. Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel, Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, Abiud the father of Eliakim, Eliakim the father of Azor, Azor the father of Zadok, Zadok the father of Achim, Achim the father of Eliud, Eliud the father of Eleazar, Eleazar the father of Matthan, Matthan the father of Jacob. Jacob was the father of Joseph, who was the husband of Mary.
Luke’s account is unusual in that is begins with Jesus and progresses backward through history, rather than following the order of chronological succession. Some suggest that Luke’s purpose in presenting a ‘regression’ was to magnify attention on Jesus.
Jesus was about 30 years old when he began his ministry. Jesus, so people thought, was the son of Joseph, son of Eli, son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Melchi, son of Jannai, son of Joseph, son of Mattathias, son of Amos, son of Nahum, son of Esli, son of Naggai, son of Maath, son of Mattathias, son of Semein, son of Josech, son of Joda, son of Joanan, son of Rhesa, son of Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, son of Neri, son of Melchi, son of Addi, son of Cosam, son of Elmadam, son of Er, son of Joshua, son of Eliezer, son of Jorim, son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Simeon, son of Judah, son of Joseph, son of Jonam, son of Eliakim, son of Melea, son of Menna, son of Mattatha, son of Nathan, son of David, son of Jesse, son of Obed, son of Boaz, son of Salmon, son of Nahshon, son of Amminadab, son of Admin, son of Arni, son of Hezron, son of Perez, son of Judah, son of Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham, son of Terah, son of Nahor, son of Serug, son of Reu, son of Peleg, son of Eber, son of Shelah, son of Cainan, son of Arphaxad, son of Shem, son of Noah, son of Lamech, son of Methuselah, son of Enoch, son of Jared, son of Mahalaleel, son of Cainan, son of Enos, son of Seth, son of Adam, son of God.
There is another thought I’d like to throw in here; although both have quite a few differences and discrepancy startling from King David to Jesus. They both have Bo`az and Obed in them which basically means that Jesus’ bloodline is not purely Hebrew but gentile as well; which should make Jesus the perfect kinsman redeemer for the whole world. There is another strange thing I noticed in Matthew’s genealogy that he includes 4 mothers in his list i.e. Salmon and Rahab was the father and mother of Boaz. Boaz and Ruth was the father and mother of Obed, then skips Jesse’s mother and goes onto David and Uriah’s wife Bathsheba were the father and mother of Solomon (who was by the way conceived out of wedlock and Uriah was murdered by David to stop Bathsheba from being stoned for adultery) Jacob was the father of Joseph, who was the husband of Mary. I find this strange as if he is trying to show faults in the bloodline and marriages like Boaz and Ruth and Uriah the Hittite and Bathsheba from Gilo in the Hebron Hills.
Adam and Eve.
Contrary to popular belief, Adam and Eve did not eat an Apple in the book of Genesis. The fruit is not actually named at all – it is referred to only as the fruit of ‘the tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil’. The most likely reason for this misconception is due to the fact that in Middle English, the word ‘apple’ was used to refer to all fruit and nuts (except berries). Over the centuries, this word has stuck in reference to the Genesis fruit. (Genesis 2:17)
The serpent that convinced Eve to take the fruit from the tree of Knowledge and Evil is not referred to as Satan in Genesis. He is known only as the serpent that was ‘more cunning than any of the beasts of the earth’ therefore suggesting that he was part of the original creation of animals. For more on this Click Here.
We are supposed to be our brother’s keepers. Many Christians feel that the Bible teaches that we are indeed our brother’s keepers. However, you will not find that anywhere in the Scriptures. When confronted by God about the whereabouts of his brother Abel, whom he had just murdered, Cain asked, “Am I my brother’s keeper?” So God replied, “Yes, Cain, you are”, Well, no! Actually, God never answered that question.
The mark of Cain thought to be a mark of God’s punishment. It’s actually more like seal of protection see: Genesis 4:13-15 “But Cain said to the LORD, “My punishment is more than I can stand! You have forced me off this land today. I have to hide from you and become a fugitive, a wanderer on the earth. Now anyone who finds me will kill me!” So the LORD said to him, “Not so! Anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” The LORD gave Cain a sign so that anyone meeting him would not kill him.” (G.W.)
If that were so God have said to Cain don’t be such a thickhead you and your mum and dad are the only people on the planet instead of “Anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD gave Cain a sign so that anyone meeting him would not kill him.
The Bible specially say in Genesis 4:16-17 “Then Cain left the LORD’S presence and lived in Nod [The Land of Wandering], east of Eden. Cain made love to his wife. She became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was building a city and he named it Enoch after his son.” (G.W.)
We all know that the ‘animals went in two by two’…? In fact this is Wrong, all clean animals went in groups of fourteen and unclean animals in groups of two. According to Jewish dietary law, there are far more clean animals than unclean, so the majority of creatures entering the ark went in as a group of 14. Genesis 7:2-3 “Of every clean beast you will take seven males and seven females and of the beasts which are not clean, two, the male and his female; and of the birds of the air, seven males and seven females, so that their seed may still be living on the face of the earth.” (Bible in Basic English)
Unlike most of the misconceptions here which deal specifically with what the Bible says or doesn’t say, this one is a misconception about the translation of part of it. The Old Testament refers to Moses as having horns on his head after he went up the mountain to see God. This prompted Michelangelo to sculpt him with the horns. Many people believe that this was due to a mistranslation of the description of Moses but, in fact, it isn’t. Moses really is described as being horned. The reason being that in Old Testament times, a person who was believed to have seen or been touched by God was described as having horns (or rays of light) coming from their head. It was an ancient symbol much like today’s gloriole (see glossary).
Considering the importance of the ten commandments to so many people, you would think they would have a clear idea of how they are defined but most people do not. The Bible does not list a consistent set of 10 commandments at all. In Exodus, the list includes 14 or 15 “statements”. Though the Bible does refer to a set of “10? rules, it does not mention them in the same sections as the list commonly known as the ten commandments (Exodus 20). Different Christian sects have divided the list of commandments up differently. The Catholic Church combines the first 3 statements in to one commandment and the Protestants combine the final two in to one statement. You can see a complete list of the differences here. To add to the confusion, there is also another set of 10 commandments called the Ritual Decalogue which includes laws such as “Do not cook a kid in its mother’s milk”.
Samson and Delilah
This is a famous story from the Old Testament which ends rather badly, as Samson’s long hair is cut short to destroy his strength. The common misconception is that Delilah was the one to give him the chop – when in fact; it was Delilah’s servant who did it (Judges 16:19).
Despite being believed by a large number of protestants and other Christians (many of whom also believe that only that which is in the Bible can be true) the “Rapture” is not in the Bible! it was actually invented in the 1600’s by one Cotton Mather – otherwise famous for murdering women by strangling them to death (by hanging) in the Salem witch trials. The term in the Bible commonly mistranslated to the word ‘rapture’ actually comes from the Greek ἁρπάζω (harpazo) which actually means ‘caught up’ or ‘taken away’ and it refers to one person only Philip in Acts 8:39.
Armageddon is the place of the final battle between good and evil.
Har Meggido was the site of several decisive battles in ancient history but in it is simply the mustering place for the forces of evil: Revelation 19:19 “And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth with their armies gathered to make war against him who was sitting on the horse and against his army.” The real battle will presumably take place down in Jerusalem.
The term ‘Lucifer’ used in reference to satan comes from the Vulgate translation of Isaiah 14:12 – at no point in the Bible is Satan directly referred to by the name Lucifer. The only Bibles that use the term ‘Lucifer’ are those that came from the Vulgate translation i.e. Bishops, Brenton, Darby, Douay-Rheims, 1611 and 1769 King James Version (but not the Modern King James Version) and the Webster all other translations refer to satan as ‘morning star, son of the dawn’ or variations on these word.
hêylêl, hay-lale' (in the sense of brightness) the morning star; light-bearer; shining one, morning star.
1) of the king of Babylon and Satan (figuratively)
2) (TWOT) Helel describing the king of Babylon.
Derived from H1984
“God helps those who help themselves” – a wise and good quote that everyone knows is from the Bible. But, in fact, it isn’t. It was a man, not God who coined the well known (and overused) proverb. It was Benjamin Franklin in his Poor Richard’s almanac.
The Bible does not condemn drinking alcohol (remember that Jesus’ first public miracle was turning water into wine at a wedding party. John 2:1-10) or gambling and betting. The closest it comes to the latter is to recommend against get rich quick schemes (Ecclesiastes 5:10) and loving money excessively (1st Timothy 6:10). Be sure to remember that next time you are sipping your wine at the local casino. Appendix: The Bible does NOT condemn the drinking of alcohol – that misconception is a holdover from Calvinistic and Purtanical Prtotestantism – which worked its way into Methodism etc; What the Bible DOES say is “Be not DRUNK of the fruit of the vine” – at the same time many gainsayers (see glossary) will claim that the water was turned into grape juice – but the original Gospels clearly use a word which translates from the original Greek as WINE a ‘fermented grape beverage’. Traditionally drunk means ‘falling down drunk’ – in other words, the loss of the will to control oneself.
Mary on a Donkey.
The Virgin Mary is not described in the Bible as having travelled to Bethlehem on a donkey. No mention is made at all in the gospels of the mode of transport used in the journey. The first mention of her riding a donkey comes from the non-Biblical Protoevangelium of James. It was written around 150AD and is also one of the oldest works to describe Mary as a virgin both before and after the birth of Christ. The exact quote from the Protoevangelium is “And he [Joseph] saddled the ass and set her upon it;” to read it in its entirety click here. For more misconceptions on Jesus’ Birth click here.
Armageddon is the place of the final battle between good and evil.
Har Meggido was the site of several decisive battles in ancient history but it has become an assumption that it will be place of the final battle although it is never mentioned in the book of Revelations. If it is used it will be simply the mustering place for the forces of evil: Revelation 19:19 “I saw the beast, the kings of the earth and their armies gathered to wage war against the rider on the horse and his army.” The real battle will presumably take place in Jerusalem.
There Are None So Blind As Those Who Will Not See. Many people believe this to be in the bible but it isn’t. However according to the ‘Random House Dictionary of Popular Proverbs and Sayings’ this proverb has been traced back to John Heywood in 1546 and resembles the Biblical verse Jeremiah 5:21 “Hear this, stupid, brainless people, who have eyes but do not see, who have ears but do not hear:” (C.J.B.)
In 1738 it was used by Jonathan Swift in his ‘Polite Conversation’ and is first attested in the United States in the 1713 ‘Works of Thomas Chalkley’. The full saying is: “There are none so blind as those who will not see. The most deluded people are those who choose to ignore what they already know.”
The Gospel of John in Chapter 20 verse 7 tells us that the napkin, which was placed over the face of Jesus, was not just thrown aside like the grave clothes. The Bible takes an entire verse to tell us that the napkin was neatly folded and was placed at the head of that stony slab.
John 20:1-7 “Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. 2So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved and said to them, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb and we do not know where they have laid him.” 3So Peter went out with the other disciple and they were going toward the tomb. 4Both of them were running together but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5And stooping to look in, he saw the linen cloths lying there but he did not go in. 6Then Simon Peter came, following him and went into the tomb. He saw the linen cloths lying there, 7and the face cloth, which had been on Jesus’ head, not lying with the linen cloths but folded up in a place by itself.” (ESV)
Was that important according to the Christian Religion? Absolutely!
Is it really significant? Yes!
In order to understand the significance of the folded napkin, you have to understand a little bit about Hebrew tradition of that day. The folded napkin had to do with the Master and Servant and every Jewish boy knew this tradition.
When the servant set the dinner table for the master, he made sure that it was exactly the way the master wanted it. The table was furnished perfectly and then the servant would wait, just out of sight, until the master had finished eating and the servant would not dare touch that table, until the master was finished.
Now if the master were done eating, he would rise from the table, wipe his fingers, his mouth and clean his beard and would wad up that napkin and toss it onto the table. The servant would then know to clear the table. For in those days, the wadded napkin meant, “I’m done”.
But if the master got up from the table and folded his napkin and laid it beside his plate, the servant would not dare touch the table, because…… The folded napkin meant, “I’m coming back!”
John the Baptist was the next in line for the High Priest but the Romans took the line of High Priest away when they conquered Jerusalem and gave it to those they thought they could control though ambition. After John was beheaded; he not being married the line of High Priest under Jewish law then fell to his closest oldest male relative that was his cousin Jesus. Only the High Priest could make the sacrifice of the lamb to atone for sins. In Matthew 26:57-68 (Jesus’ trial before the Sanhedrin) Jesus remained quiet until Caiaphas said “I charge you under oath by the living God” which forced Jesus to answer under Jewish Law or otherwise He would fall into sin. In verse 64 it says “Then the high priest tore his clothes.” the Hebrew word is dee-ar-hrayce’-so and is more like rent i.e. to tear asunder. This act made him unclean under Jewish law to make the sacrifice of the lamb to atone for sins which was the next day. Then when Jesus died; the inner curtain to the Holy of Holies was torn. That made the Temple unclean according to Jewish Law so that there was no longer a way for the High Priest could perform the sacrifice of the lamb to atone for sins ever again. This gives the Jews a great misfortune as under their law they can no longer atone for their sins.
Nowhere in the Bible does it say that Mary Magdalene was a prostitute. In fact, she is barely mentioned at all. Aside from her presence at Jesus’ death and the resurrection, (Matthew 27:56, 27:61, 28:1; Mark 15:40, 15:47, 16:1, 16:9; Luke 24:10, John 19:25, 20:1, 20:18) the only other time Mary is mentioned in the Bible is that she was possessed by seven demons. (Luke 8:2)
Some scholars consider Jesus to be the leader of a rebellious movement and in a sense, this could be called true because according to Bible, he taught peace, love and non aggression and this seems to go against our human nature. Hence, his crucifixion was a punishment the Romans usually reserved for dissidents. This is to be a rebel or to be nonconformist, unorthodox and protester and Jesus was all of these according to the Bible; however, this is not the Roman term for crucifixion it is for murders, mutineers, those who cause uprisings against the authority of Rome…
Antiochus IV crucified Jews in Jerusalem who would not relinquish their faith;
Felix crucified not only zealots and rebels but also citizens suspected of collaborating with them.
Tiberius Julius Alexander ordered two rebels, sons of Judah the Galilean, to be crucified.
2,000 rebels were crucified by Quintilius Varus.
About 52 A.D. there was another considerable crucifixion of zealots by Quadratus.
When Jerusalem was besieged, Titus ordered all Jewish prisoners of war to be crucified on the city walls. Reports say that their was up to 500 crucifixions a day.
Etc, etc, etc.
A “thief” is defined in the dictionary as a person who steals i.e. thief, robber, bandit, one who plunders, shoplifter, Etc, etc, etc. Therefore, a thief is just a common criminal; 2,000 odd years ago, Roman citizens were normally not executed by crucifixion with a few rare exceptions; they were usually beheaded.
Getting to the case at hand Jesus’ crucifixion Matthew 27.38 says that their were Two thieves; Mark 15.27 says that they were crucified with Jesus; Luke 23.32 says they were simply malefactors i.e. a wrongdoer, especially a criminal; John 19.18 doesn’t have a clue what their offence was and simply says the “two other” and he who was supposed to be at the very foot of the cross, recorded no reviling or mocking in addition the thieves died like good little fellows, without a word.
In Matthew 27.44 both of the thieves joined with the chief priests, scribes and elders in mocking Jesus and neither of them repented or was invited to paradise. Mark 15.32 agrees that both as they that were crucified with him reviled him. However uncouth it may be for these men in the anguish of a horrifying death to engage in rebuking a fellow sufferer, nevertheless there is honour even among dying thieves is admitted by Luke in 23:39 “One of the criminals hanging alongside cursed him: "Some Messiah you are! Save yourself! Save us!"” whereas verses 40-41 “But the other one made him shut up: “"Have you no fear of God? You’re getting the same as him. We deserve this, but not him – he did nothing to deserve this."” However, this other thief who had not reviled him also say in verse 42 “Jesus, remember me when you enter your kingdom.” As a result, this dying thief is made to show a familiarity with the cryptic teachings of Jesus, that even his own disciples, did not comprehend at this time.
Crucifixion was use as a public display of torturing someone to a long agonizing death. Therefore, this does not suggest the type of crime for a common thief but for that of a murderer, assassin or an insurgent. I can find nowhere in Roman literature is mentioned that a common thieve or robber was crucified. Yet according to the gospels in the Bible, Jesus was crucified along with two thieves; I think this was done to paint the picture that he died among common people rather then being insurrectionist or seditionist that this death required. Crucifixion was used as a visual deterrent for all to see what would happen to those who rebelled against the authority of Rome.
In spite of this, these unknown gospel writers had Jesus die among common sinners even though thievery posed no real threat to the authority of Rome, as crimes of this nature were common in this era. The gospel writers handled this by simply painting a sugar-coated image to these two thieves thus generalising that all thieves were crucified. In the same way they also used Barabbas to make a point; however, a valid question to ask is was Barabbas a robber, murderer or seditionist? Both Mark 15:7 and Luke 23:19 wrote that he was a murderer, however John 18:40 says that Barabbas was a robber. The difference between a robber and murderer is gigantic in the terms of the law; so could that be the reason why both Mark and Luke added sedition (treason) & insurrection (rebellion) to the Barabbas story. A death penalty for robbers was contrary to Roman law whereas someone found guilty of sedition was automatically crucified. Two “thieves” say Matthew 27:38 and Mark 15:27, were crucified with Jesus; Luke 23:32 says that they were simply “malefactors”; John 19:18 does not know what their offence was and to him they were merely “two others”. One would think that it would not be that hard to get their stories straight!
It is a noteworthy fact that Jewish unrest at this time was widespread; therefore, common sense should tell you that Pilate would never have exchanged Barabbas for Jesus. The reasoning for this is that if Barabbas was a threat to the Romans as both Mark and Luke have written, he would have never been turned loose, therefore it is more believable that Barabbas was, as written in John, just a robber. Therefore, just what was Barabbas’ crime? Was he a common robber as told by John or a murderer and seditionist as told by Mark and Luke? However, there something even stranger i.e. Matthew never tells us Barabbas’ crime because Matthew was far too occupied with putting blame on the Jews see Matthew 27:16-26. It is important to note that during those times that Galilee was a trouble spot for unrest. The air of rebellion was everywhere.
According to both the books of Acts and Hebrews as well as Roman literature, there were at least four unsuccessful uprisings during Jesus’ time resulting in thousands of Jews dying on the cross. However, the New Testaments never touches on that but instead; they paint a pretty picture of a peaceful era.
Therefore, you can see an illustration of what an honest historical backdrop would be. The thieves described on either side of Jesus would not have been non-violent common criminals whereas a sincere historical portrayal would show these two characters as ruthless, cutthroat murderers or those who would flame rebellion against Rome. Right now, we can see a more accurate picture of those two with whom Jesus was supposedly crucified. This to me is another example of created Christian theology, not based in the reality of history; on the contrary, it is creating its own history to make a religious point?
Christians love to misread Isaiah 53 to prove Isaiah was prophesying about Jesus. Well, in verse 9 we find “For they made his grave with the wicked…” Why was Jesus not buried with the wicked? Matthew 27:57-60 says that a wealthy man from Arimathea named Joseph went to Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. Pilate granted his request, so Joseph took the body, wrapped it in clean linens then put it in his own recently made tomb cut into rock and rolled a large stone across the entrance.
The New Testament deliberately makes a point that Jesus died among other sinners because Christianity makes it a particular point that they reach out for sinners. Only if sinners can accept Jesus as their saviour and lord, they will go to heaven. However according to the gospel of John, if good people Never accept Jesus as their saviour, they will go to the Christian invented Hell. However, in 1st Samuel 16:7 we see this “GOD judges persons differently than humans do. Men and women look at the face; GOD looks into the heart.”
Dose this mean we can leave the teaching of Jesus completely out of the picture? NO I don’t think so because I also believe that if we all lived as a way of life to the teachings that are accredited Jesus and stick to the 10 commencements as best as we can then we as a race people would be a whole lot better off.
Exodus 20:7 “You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.” This is the Bible verse where people get “don’t use the Lord’s name in vain” from but that is not what the verse really means. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not saying we should use God’s name abusively but what this verse is actually saying is that we shouldn’t ‘swear to God’ that we are going to do something.
Exodus 20:16 “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbour.” Many people will quote this as a reason not to lie. Like the Bible verse above one incorrect interpretation is something we should still do; the verse is actually talking specifically about lying in court i.e. committing perjury.
Exodus 21:24 “Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot” A lot of people use this Bible verse when they decide to get revenge. Sometimes they’ll even try to justify it by saying the Bible says to take an ‘eye for an eye’. But in Matthew 5:38-39 Jesus clearly tells us, “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye and tooth for tooth. But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.”
Romans 8:28 “And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, have been called according to his purpose.” This Bible verse is often used to cheer people it up. This Bible verse should cheer you up but not necessarily in the way people usually say. It is usually used to say “don’t worry, everything will be fine.” What this Bible verse really means is, “don’t worry, everything will be the way God wants it to be.” Unfortunately, what God wants isn’t always going to be something that is necessarily fine in your opinion.
Ephesians 5:22 “Wives, submit to your husband’s as to the Lord.” There are two misconceptions with this Bible verses and the passage it is in. Firstly the woman should always submit to their husbands. Secondly men should not submit to their wives. This is Totally Wrong because verse 21 says, “Submit to one another out of reverence for Christ.” In verse 25 it says, “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her.” The Bible never says that any woman is the only one that should submit; it actually gives explicit instructions for both to submit to each other.
1st Timothy 6:10 “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many grief’s.” This Bible verse is used incorrectly so often that you’ve probably heard someone correct it before. “Money is the root of all evil” is what a lot of people get from this Bible verse but it actually says the love of money is the root of all evil.
A rather strange story is that of Balaam who became angry at a stubborn mule because the animal saw the angel of God blocking the road and refused to move. Balaam beat the mule repeatedly until God had it speak saying “What have I done that deserves your beating me three times.” Devoid of any astonishment at the talking mule, Balaam replied, “Because you have made me look like a fool.” Numbers 22: 21-34.
Many people deem as cruel and inhuman; after the Israelites escaped from their bondage in Egypt the practice of circumcising young males ended. When the tribes crossed the Jordan River, Joshua retrieved the practice at a place God told Joshua to call Gilgal that means “The Hill of the Foreskins” all males both young and old, underwent the minor surgical procedure to remove their foreskins and by doing so renewed the covenant made between God and Abraham (see Joshua 5:2).
Gainsay – to say that someone is wrong or that something is not true. (Back to Gainsay)
Gloriole – the glow surrounding the head of a saint in religious imagery is more technically known as a nimbus or gloriole. Halo is also right but it is a more generic term that applies to non-religious items. (Back to Gloriole)