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Gaius Julius Caesar was born July 13, 100 B.C. and died on the Ides of March in 44 B.C. During these 56 years Caesar accomplished more personally than most and brought more changes to Rome than any Roman before him.
In 60 B.C. Julius Caesar a young and ambitious general stepped into political life. He had been very successful on the battlefield and had greatly expanded Rome’s borders.
The senate feared that Caesar would use his army to over throw the republican government. In an attempt to protect this from happening, the senate ordered Julius Caesar to return to Rome, but to leave his armies North of the Rubicon River.
Julius Caesar refused to do as he had been ordered. So by crossing the Rubicon with his armies he committed treason against the senate. This in effect declared civil war.
Caesar eventually defeated opposing forces and by 45 B.C. had taken over control of the entire Roman Empire. Caesar had himself declared dictator for life, giving him absolute power over the empire. He then proceeded to reform the nation, giving jobs and land to the poor.
Caesar’s rule in Rome would be brief. The following year, in the Ides of March 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was murdered by members of the senate, lead by Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius, who were worried that Caesar was destroying the republic.
Julius Caesar’s Famous Quote: “I came, I saw, I conquered.”
Caesar’s Last Words as described from a couple of sources:
Julius Caesar got married three times and also had affairs with Cleopatra VII.
He was the first Roman ruler who holds many offices. Apart from this he was a good scholar, author and an oratist.
Julius Caesar was the first Roman emperor to issue coinage bearing his own name.
He was the last roman Dictator.
Caesar decided to use a solar measure of time that became known as the Julian calendar; his system is the basis of today’s modern calendar. He changed the name of the month Quintilis to Julius (July), after his name.
Caesar used chippers (cryptography code) to secure messages by using the now popularly known crypto - ‘Caesar Chipper’
100 B.C. – Caesar’s Birth.
73 B.C. – Elected Pontifex.
63 B.C. – Elected Pontifex Maximus and praetor urbanus; the Catilinarian conspiracy.
58 B.C. – Defeats Helvetii and Germans.
49 B.C. – Crossing of the Rubicon - Civil War begins.
44 B.C. – Ides of March, assassinated
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